BY BRAD SCHLUETER
Listen while you read and learn. Here’s 28 tunes covering 48 years of great beats and fills from 1956-2003.
Clifton James on “Bo Diddley” by Bo Diddley – 1955
The groove for this classic beat is usually played on the toms and is derived from a 3:2 son clave pattern that’s the basis of many Latin music styles.
Bobby Morris on “Just A Gigolo/I Ain’t Got Nobody” by Louis Prima – 1956
This track employs a two-handed unison shuffle with quarter-notes played underneath on the bass drum, known as the “Prima shuffle.” This groove remains very popular today.
Charles Connor on “You Keep A-Knockin’” by Little Richard – 1956
The first time I heard the intro to this song I thought it was a different version of Led Zeppelin’s “Rock And Roll.” I later learned John Bonham “borrowed” Connor’s pattern almost note for note for Zeppelin’s better-known song.
Earl Palmer on “Lucille” by Little Richard – 1957
This track was important because it marks the transition from shuffle-based grooves to straight rock patterns. Earl Palmer played the eighth-note rhythm of Little Richard’s piano part on his snare with his right hand and played backbeats with his left.
Skip Moore on “Walk Don’t Run” by The Ventures – 1960
The original version of this class song features a typical surf or twist beat characterized by the snare playing 2& and 4. The original recording has a quiet bass drum, though on later recordings the four-on-the-floor pattern is more obvious.
Ron Wilson on “Wipeout” by The Surfaris – 1963
This classic tom tom drum solo was based on drummer Ron Wilson’s high school marching band cadence and can be thought of as surf music’s “Sing, Sing, Sing.” It’s one of the first beats drummers often learn and is in a rare class of beats that are instantly identifiable even by non-drummers.
Ringo Starr on “In My Life” by The Beatles – 1965
This remarkable groove is still fresh, musical, and is probably the most popular linear groove ever recorded. It’s also arguably the most unique beat in The Beatles’ catalog.
John Bonham on “Good Times Bad Times” by Led Zeppelin – 1969
Though his greatness was more about his feel and creativity than his remarkable technique, this tune, the first track on the band’s self-titled debut, certainly demonstrates his fast right foot. Bonham subdivided his hi-hat notes to create the quick bass drum triplets that became permanently identified with him.
Levon Helm on “Up On Cripple Creek” by The Band – 1969
Levon Helm’s unique brand of lazy funk combined elements of country, rock, and second-line drumming. This funky groove has a ridiculously deep pocket and though his fills might look simple on paper they were always musical and unique.
Clyde Stubblefield on “Funky Drummer (Reprise)” by James Brown – 1969
Clyde Stubblefield’s tricky percolating funk groove has three quick open hi-hat notes on the (2) e ah and the (4) e. The song’s title says it all. This groove is one of the most sampled of all time.
G. C. Coleman on “Amen, Brother” by The Winstons – 1969
Speaking of sampled beats, Gregory Cylvester Coleman’s solo in “Amen, Brother” is accepted as the most sampled drum solo in music and can be researched in great detail by searching on “The Amen Break.” This four-measure solo helped create hip-hop and there’s much more to this fascinating story that you can discover on the Web.
Carlton Barrett on “Get Up, Stand Up” by Bob Marley – 1973
Barrett popularized the one-drop reggae groove where the bass drum was primarily played on count 3 and often omitted from the downbeats.
Billy Cobham on “Birds Of Fire” by Mahavishnu Orchestra – 1973
Death metal bands could learn a thing or two about angst from Mahavishnu Orchestra. Billy Cobham’s powerful odd-meter double bass drumming made his reputation as a fusion drumming star and proved that this incredible band wasn’t afraid of the dark.
Joseph “Zigaboo” Modeliste on “Cissy Strut” by The Meters – 1974
Ziggy uses both hands on his hi-hat to create his monstrously funky New Orleans—flavored groove on Cissy Strut. This groove has percolating accents and a swinging feel that made it a classic. Modeliste’s drumming has influenced countless other great funk drummers including David Garibaldi and Stanton Moore.
Mike Clark on “Actual Proof” by Herbie Hancock – 1974
Mike Clark’s improvisational jam on this track looks and sounds a bit like a mosaic created from little pieces cut out of a linear funk book. It’s a fast and percolating groove with lots of dynamics. This song has stumped drummers trying to cop Clark’s unique and revolutionary approach for years.
Steve Gadd on “50 Ways To Leave Your Lover” by Paul Simon – 1975
It’s hard to narrow down Steve Gadd’s best grooves and fills because there are so many of them, but this New Orleans—flavored march elegantly encapsulates Gadd’s musical creativity and relaxed yet precise technique.
Narada Michael Walden on “Led Boots” by Jeff Beck – 1976
This is one of the greatest drum intros of all time. At the beginning Walden sounds out of sync with himself until he explodes, ripping single-stroke fills around his kit with precision and incredible ferocity.
Roger Taylor on “We Will Rock You” by Queen – 1977
Though not actually a drum beat, since it’s composed of foot stomps and handclaps, this unforgettable yet simple groove was created from body percussion, so it qualifies. And its simplicity is its claim to fame as it’s the only pattern on this list that’s still routinely performed by thousands of non-drummers in the stands at sporting events.
Bernard Purdie on “Home At Last” by Steely Dan – 1977
There are several variations of the “Purdie Shuffle” but this half-time version has the ghosted snare notes characteristic of the others that would proceed it (most famously Led Zeppelin’s “Fool In The Rain” and Toto’s “Rosanna”), but also adds opened hi-hats on all the ah’s, played lightly with the tip of his stick.
Ricky Wellman on “Bustin’ Loose” by Chuck Brown And The Soul Searchers – 1979
Ricky Wellman’s groove on this track is a prime example of a go-go funk groove, a style out of the Washington, D.C. area that mashed funk, hip-hop, and dance music. There’s just a hint of swing here making it groove that much harder.
Stewart Copeland on “Message In A Bottle” by Police – 1979
Stewart Copeland changed pop music by giving it its first big infusion of reggae. “Message In A Bottle” helped popularize the genre with mainstream audiences while his use of splash cymbals made him popular with rock drummers. Copeland’s quick hands and syncopated rim-clicks are also well showcased here.
Neil Peart on “Tom Sawyer” by Rush – 1981
These are Peart’s best-known fills. As the iconic drummer who has influenced thousands of others we had to include this on the list. His unforgettable quads-in-sextuplets polyrhythmic lick is revealed in the second line.
Kenny Aronoff on “Jack & Diane” by John Cougar – 1982
Aronoff’s heavily gated drum break dramatically contrasts with the drum machine—esque groove that leads up to it (much like Phil Collins’ earlier song “In The Air Tonight”) and remains Aronoff’s most memorable drumming moment.
Chris Layton on “Pride And Joy” by Stevie Ray Vaughan – 1983
This great song showcases Chris Layton’s incredible Texas shuffle groove that’s characterized by the left-hand part implying the shuffle while the right hand and bass drum play much more simply.
Nicko McBrain on “Where Eagles Dare” by Iron Maiden – 1983
Nicko McBrain’s ripping fill from this classic song, the first track off Piece Of Mind, his debut with the band, established him as a force to be reckoned with and is certainly an attention grabber. We’ve included the sticking for you aspiring metal heads!
Alex Van Halen on “Hot For Teacher” by Van Halen – 1984
This unforgettable double bass fill starts with Van Halen’s feet playing hertas (RLR L) and then moves up his Rototoms before returning to his double bass shuffle groove.
Dave Lombardo on “Angel Of Death” by Slayer – 1986
As the drummer who influenced thousands to start blasting, Dave Lombardo’s influence cannot be overstated. His herta fills (RLR L) into the midsection of this song show he can play slamming, memorable fills too.
Lars Ulrich on “One” by Metallica – 1989
Important drumbeats are often infectious. Once caught, the only cure is to master them. When this song became popular a generation of drummers went to their basements to get their double bass sextuplets together.
Danny Carey on “Eulogy” by Tool – 1996
This three-over-four polyrhythmic groove helped establish Danny Carey as a leading drummer in progressive metal. Carey superimposes a three-note shuffle hi-hat pattern on top of a common funk groove to create a constantly changing pattern.
Todd Sucherman on “One With Everything” by Styx – 2003
This prog-rock opus has two complex fills that reveal Todd Sucherman’s superb technical brilliance and musicality, as well as why he has become so respected by his peers. He holds nothing back.